Klonopin (clonazepam) is used alone or in combination with other medications to control certain types of seizures. It is also used to relieve panic attacks, which can be defined as sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry. Clonazepam is in a class of medications called benzodiazepines and is a sedative hypnotic. It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Klonopin enhances the activity of the GABA receptors, which are responsible for slowing down certain nerve signals in the brain. The GABA receptors are responsible for up to 40% of the brains synapses. After abusing benzodiazepines for a period of time the GABA receptors in the brain begin to fire abnormally. When this occurs, there is an imbalance maintained by the GABA receptors and the brain operates in a hyperactive state. Drugs such as Klonopin can be used to slowly reduce the excitability of the brain while helping the balance of the GABA receptors return to normal. Klonopin has a long half-life, which means that it stays in the body for a longer time, enabling the addict to be slowly detoxed from benzos without intense withdrawal symptoms.
Klonopin can help minimize symptoms of withdrawal from short-acting benzodiazepine addiction. Since it is a benzodiazepine, Klonopin is a central nervous system depressant and is addictive.
Klonopin is used to treat seizures as well as panic and anxiety disorders. It is often prescribed in drug rehab facilities for the treatment of benzodiazepine addiction and anxiety disorder. Off-label uses of Klonopin include: restless leg syndrome, multifocal tic disorder, Bipolar disorder and Parkinson’s disease.
Klonopin should not be used if a patient suffers from liver disease, respiratory disease, or depression. In some cases, Klonopin can be used as an alternative to Librium or Serax to treat alcohol withdrawal symptoms in alcohol detox.
- Violent behavior
- Thoughts about self-harm
- Difficulty breathing
- Changes in behavior
- Stomach cramps
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